Lasers à fibre de puissance opérés en régime continu

Authors: Lapointe, Marc-André
Advisor: Piché, Michel
Abstract: This research project focuses on high power fiber lasers operated in the continuous regime. The main objective is the implementation of a 400-W fiber laser using ytterbium- doped double clad fiber. The wide variety of high power fiber lasers assembled during this work has enabled the study of the thermal effects, the power limitations and the behavior of the output spectrum. The study includes simulations that characterize the behavior of fiber lasers operated in the continuous regime. Different laser configurations were tested at a signal power of 100 W. The heat transfer in double clad fibers was analyzed to circumvent the difficulties caused by the important amount of heat generated by these lasers. The concept of contact resistance is brought in to explain the temperature rise of active fibers. This was necessary for the realization of single-mode fiber lasers with over 350W of output power. The output power was only limited by the availability of pumps. Several compromises were necessary to achieve the high output power and the diffraction-limited beam quality. Thus, the photodarkening of the ytterbium doped fiber is still an issue for this kind of lasers. A tool to predict the spectral broadening of high power fiber lasers has been developed. It is shown that four-wave mixing broadens the outpu t spectrum of these lasers as a function of output power. The broadening of the output spectrum has been experimentally verified by the implementation of various lasers with different configurations. A theoretical model is presented, which shows a good agreement with experimental data.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2010
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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