Utilisation hivernale des ravages du cerf de Virginie
|Advisor:||McIntire, Eliot; Tremblay, Jean-Pierre|
|Abstract:||Habitat selection and movements are among the most studied parameters in wildlife ecology since they influence population distribution and its dynamics. Indeed, habitat selection may influence white-tailed deer winter survival. In this study, I showed that the influence of habitat on survival appears to be more important at broad scale, thus indicating its greater potential to influence survival. This demonstrates the importance of adequately managing white-tailed deer yards at a broader scale. Deer also showed a selection for primary roads, an influence that was reflected on movements. They lowered their distance moved when movements were occurring near roads when these were studied at a fine temporal scale. Also, the use of a continuous-time interval for GPS fixes, a novel sampling strategy we used here, demonstrated that no matter the time interval used, white-tailed deer maximize their habitat use while minimizing displacements since they tend to reverse their direction.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||16 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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