Sandwich composite de mousses polymères

Authors: Mechraoui, Ahmed
Advisor: Rodrigue, DenisRiedl, Bernard
Abstract: The aim of this work is to produce and characterize polypropylene structural composite foams. To do so, the work is divided in three parts. The first part is devoted to study the reinforcement of polypropylene with hemp fibres by changing the fibre content, fibre size and coupling agent concentration. Micrographs are used to explain the results of the mechanical properties measured under tensile and flexural stress. It is found that 2% of coupling agent gives the optimum modulus values. In the second part, polypropylene foams are produced by compression moulding with different concentrations of blowing agent to determine the effect of density reduction and density profile on the tensile and flexural properties. The morphological characteristics (cell size, cell density and skin thickness) of the foams are also examined. It is found that the use of the complete density profile is necessary to predict with high precision the mechanical results. Finally, sandwich structures are produced with different skin ratio and core densities. A complete morphological analysis is reported with mechanical properties (tensile and flexural). It is shown that the simple law of mixture and the square power-law combined with the density profile are enough to predict the effect of the skins and core, respectively.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2010
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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