Modélisation de la pénétration des chlorures dans les stationnements multiétagés
|Abstract:||The corrosion of steel in reinforced concrete by the penetration of chlorides is one of the primary causes of concrete degradation in North America. The prediction of chloride ingress in concrete by numerical modeling will lead to better planning and evaluation of the repair and maintenance needs of degrading and aging structures. Several factors, such as air temperature and relative humidity, affect the movement of chloride ions inside concrete. Their effects and the real exposure conditions of structures to chlorides are still not well understood. The goal of this research project is to evaluate the influence of the exposure conditions of structures on the penetration of chloride ions. The objective is also to validate the finite element model STADIUM® under the new exposure conditions. The effect of temperature, variation of air’s relative humidity and application of certain types of protection on concrete surfaces were measured by chloride profiles in laboratory. Numerical simulations were conducted, imposing similar exposure conditions to those studied. The comparison between experimental and numerical results shows the precision level of the model in predicting the chloride concentration at rebar level. The in situ part of the program concentred on exposure conditions of in service multistage parking structures. The air temperature and the relative humidity inside the structures were measured. The amount of salt brought by cars on the parking’s slabs is unknown, however, chloride concentrations in the various phases of water present at the surface of the concrete have been measured regularly during three winters. The variability and intensity of the results obtained offer a unique and new vision of real exposure conditions of multistage parking structures.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||16 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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