Caractérisation des interactions protéine-ligands au site actif de l'hémoglobine tronquée N de Mycobacterium bovis BCG : rôles de la tyrosine (B10) et de la glutamine (E11)

Authors: Hébert Ouellet, Yannick
Advisor: Guertin, Michel
Abstract: Mycobacterium tuberculosis infects over one-third of the human population, causing 1.5 millions deaths each year. The increase incidence of infections among immunocompromised patients and the emergence of strains with resistance to multiple antibiotics urge the scientific community to discover new therapeutic targets as well as develop new antibiotics, vaccines and therapies. Among the ~ 4000 genes that compose the genome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, one of them, glbN, encodes the truncated hemoglobin N. Hemoglobins are small metalloproteins that reversibly bind oxygen and perform a wide array of important catalytic activities. Thus, our research aims at defining a function for Mycobacterium tuberculosis truncated hemoglobin N using modern biochemical techniques and stopped-flow spectroscopy. Our research also leads us to solve the three-dimensional structure of the oxygenated complex of trHbN, characterize the proteins-ligands interactions within the active site of the hemoglobin and define their roles in establishing the functional potential of the enzyme using absorption, resonance Raman and x-rays diffraction spectroscopies. We discovered that the fast and efficient •NO detoxification activity of truncated hemoglobin N measured in Mycobacterium bovis BCG could fulfill a similar role in Mycobacterium tuberculosis and allow the persistence of the tuberculous infection in the host by preventing the cytotoxic effects associated with •NO and its reactive nitrogen derivatives. Moreover, the architecture and polarity of truncated hemoglobin N active site define the functional potential of the protein and control the diffusion, binding, stabilization, and activation of the heme-iron coordinated ligands and ensure the maintenance of a fast and efficient catalytic activity. Finally, our discoveries suggest that truncated hemoglobin N could constitute a new therapeutic target for the development of inhibitors that would inactivate the first line of defence of the parasite and disturb its metabolic adaptation to nitrosative stresses.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2010
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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