Comportements spatio-temporels des touristes dans la région de Québec

Authors: Kercuku, Hava
Advisor: Villeneuve, Paul Y.
Abstract: The urban tourism is an important factor for the economic and spatial development of many cities in the contemporary world. However, new destinations and new tourists practices emerges continually. The offers of destinations and activities are rapidly growth and diversify, making also much more competitive the urban tourism market. These changes are stimulated, for a big part, by tourist behaviour which is looking for new experiences, more quickly and more personalised choices. The tourist behaviour becomes more complex and less predicable. The Quebec City and area constitute a typical urban destination, combining culture, history and nature activities. Its tourism infrastructures respond to new tourist’s practices and are in accord with the best international standards. But, in despite of good performances the region is confronted with the competition of new destinations as well as with the necessity to have a better equilibration between its different geographical areas and activities practiced. This equilibration will increase it’s competitively in the Canadian market by projecting a more attractive image to its potential tourists and visitors. In the aim to better understand the relation between City and tourism we have analyse the spatiotemporal behaviour of Canadian and international tourists who had visits the region during 1998-2003 period. The data used provide from the Canadian and International Travel Surveys, carried out from 1998 to 2002 by Statistic Canada, as well as from a survey on tourist’s behaviour, carried out in 2003, by Quebec City and Area office of Tourism. The results obtained show that contrary to our starting assumption, the tourism attractivity of the region does not result so much from the triad “history/culture - business/congress - outdoor” but it is especially on “history/culture - shopping - outdoor” activities. The inner city remains always very attractive for the visitors but it is also complemented by a new tourist area, increasingly attended, which is the “green crown” surrounding the city. Lastly, the results obtained make it possible to raise our knowledge in particular with regard to the destination choice and its determinants factors; the importance of intra-regional heterogeneity in the choice of place of stay and the lodging mode; as well as the relation between the tourist’s socio-economic profile and the spatio-temporal factors influencing the choice of activities practised during the stay.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2009
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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