Influence de l'endommagement sur la fiabilité structurale de ponts en béton armé : étude de cas

Authors: Langlois, Anne-Marie
Advisor: Bastien, JoséeJolin, Marc
Abstract: A computer program, named « Laval Reliability Toolbox 2 » (LRT2), was developed in order to evaluate a time-variant reliability index for a reinforced concrete bridge while considering various usage and damage parameters. This tool pioneers by considering the reliability of three ultimate limit states: flexure and shear for beams and punching shear for the slab. In order to represent the failure mode of the bridge, system reliability analysis is used to model the structure as a system. A damage model predicts in time the properties of a structure undergoing corrosion caused by the application of de-icing salts: corrosion causes a reduction of the rebar’s diameter and spalling of the concrete cover. This computer tool was used to compare the reliability of bridges with two, three, five and six girders undergoing different damaging scenarios. Results show the importance of considering a spatial-variant reliability index for a girder. It is also shown that ignoring possible correlation among structural elements overestimates the reliability of low-redundant structures, modelled as series systems, and underestimates the reliability of high-redundant structures, modelled as complex systems. The study of homogeneous and non-homogeneous damaging scenarios shows the existence of corrosion-sensitive sections and failure modes that, if damaged, affect significantly the reliability of the bridge. Lastly, performance cycles were defined in order to evaluate the life service of a bridge, which is to estimate the time when the bridge will get below its target reliability index and to estimate when certain damages will occur. This type of methodology enables the prediction of a structure’s lifetime performance; it could facilitate the management of structures operations by making possible the comparison of multiple bridges performance.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2010
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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