Étude sur les propriétés d'adhérence des revêtements fluorocarbonés déposés par plasma sur l'acier inoxydable 316L pour les stents coronariens
|Advisor:||Mantovani, D.; Tatoulian, Michael|
|Abstract:||Coronary stents are medical devices used to provide internal scaffolding to stenosed arteries. This disease is characterized by the deposition of lipids on the artery wall, a decrease of the artery diameter and blood flow disturbance. The stents are mainly made of a metal structure coated with a polymer film. Despite their commercial success, many adhesion problems are reported after their expansion, such as coating delamination and cracking. These coating failures decrease the stent’s efficiency and durability. The aim of this thesis was to study this problem using fluorocarbon coatings deposited by plasma polymerization This thesis proposes a new technique, named Small Punch Test, to evaluate the coating adhesion. This method simulates the stent expansion on flat substrates, which facilitates the evaluation of the coating properties after deformation. Scanning electron microscope and atomic force microscope investigations showed the importance of the coating thickness on their cohesion properties. Cracks were observed on specimens with a coating thickness higher than 35 nm. To deposit coatings with a low density of nano-defects and to increase their stability in aqueous media, this research investigates the growth and properties of fluorocarbon films deposited on plasma etched substrates. Hydrogen plasma played a key role, with the formation of hydroxide as film growth initiator. During the first polymerization steps, hydroxides may lead to the formation of fluorocarbon coatings with low nano-defect density, high content in CF2 and long polymer chains, as observed by XPS, ToF-SIMS and FTIR. However, plasma etchings modified and lowered the oxide layer thickness of stainless steel and increased the sensitivity of samples to post-oxidation.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||16 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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