La décision territoriale en conflit : analyse spatiale de l'activité conflictuelle, Ville de Québec, 1989 à 2000

Authors: Pelletier, Mathieu
Advisor: Joerin, FlorentVilleneuve, Paul Y.
Abstract: At a time when population concentration in urban spaces is increasing and cities continue to grow into huge urbanised areas, issues related to management planning for these “ new ” territories is of interest. Such spaces which undergo deep mutations give rise to new stakes and challenges for territorial planning. Occasionally, due to lack of compatibility between the respective actors’ standpoints with respect to high stakes arising from divergent interests, conflicts emerge. Indeed, conflicts that originate from a territorial project are no longer the exception. This thesis strives to better understand the relationships that bind together territorial specificities and the dynamics of conflict activity in terms of its spatial frequency, duration and intensity. The current work uses a quantitative procedure that seeks to understand conflict dynamics by means of a spatial approach. The basis of this research is a database made up of conflicts which occurred in Quebec City over the period from 1989 to 2000. The 199 conflicts considered herein have been collected from the regional press (the newspaper daily Le Soleil). The conceptual framework proposed addresses the conflict through the prism of territorial decision-making processes. We also join in the territorial decision is geographic spaces: action space, consequences space and stakeholders’ space. It is through these spaces and, more particularly throught the stakeholders’ one that a spatial representation of conflict activity is made possible. Statistical analysis indicated that (1) the tendency of individuals to regroup around local associations and community organisations along with their ability to make their voices heard, as (2) the nature of the social composition seemed to be fundamental components both of the emergence and unravelling of the protesters’ approach. The study of the effects of local contexts suggests that conflicts are longer though not necessarily more intense or more frequent in the area where (1) the ability of individuals to come together and take the floor is moderate and (2) the population is both the most easily mobilizable and the better off at the regional level. We believe that these are the conditions that lead to a conflict activity with long duration, ie individuals with time and resources, but not well equipped in terms of action strategies in times of conflict activity.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2009
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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