Évaluation des stratégies à flux tiré et flux poussé dans la production de bois d'œuvre : une approche basée sur des agents
|Authors:||Cid Yáñez, Fabian|
|Abstract:||The objective of this study is the evaluation of pull and push strategies in lumber production planning using a Quebec sawmill as case study. An Advanced Planning and Scheduling System (APS), based on a distributed software architecture, simulates the main operations planning and production processes of the sawmill (sourcing, sawing, drying, finishing, warehousing and delivery) representing them as autonomous software agents. Push and pull strategies are simulated using different penetration positions of the demand information decoupling point over the value chain. To set experiments, configurations are defined by two controllable factors, namely: the decoupling point position and the level of contracts for a product family. Following, a set of scenarios are generated by two uncontrollable factors: the quality of supply and market prices differential for products under contracts. These configurations and scenarios leads to a mixed levels experimental design with fifty four runs. Three performance indicators: orders fill rate, work in process, and potential monetary throughput; are calculated for every one of the 54 production plans generated by the APS. Results show a direct relation between the orders fill rate and the position of the decoupling point, pull strategy, for the three levels of demand on products under contract. Accordingly, at every demand level, production plans under pull strategies generate improvements of 100% compared with equivalent plans under push strategy. This service level performance improvement has a financial cost of about 7% of the Potential Monetary Throughput which should be compensated externally with better contract conditions and internally by lower costs of inventory management. This trade-off seems to be a direct consequence of the divergent nature of lumber production. Consequently, in a business context that privileges service quality and where customers are willing to pay for it, the use of this kind of demand driven strategies in production planning represents a source of competitive advantage.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||16 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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