Conception d'un nouveau produit en bois d'ingénierie structural provenant d'essences sous-utilisées

Authors: Beck, Katherina
Advisor: Cloutier, AlainSalenikovich, AlexanderBeauregard, Robert
Abstract: Intense competition on the construction material market forces the engineered wood product (EWP) industry to produce high-performance materials at low cost. Any new product must not only outperform established products, it must also be more cost efficient. Costs can be kept under control by making minor changes to the manufacturing process in existing mills and by exploiting currently under-utilized species. Performance can be controlled by manipulating different manufacturing parameters that influence the mechanical and physical properties of the final product. For engineered wood products, these factors include species, strand geometry and alignment, resin, and pressing parameters. The objective of this research was to develop a new oriented strand lumber (OSL) type EWP. To achieve this, a concept was developed for a laminated beam, using oriented strand panels made from species currently available in Eastern Canada. A pressing procedure was determined to obtain similar density profiles for aspen and paper birch. The influence of species, resin content, strand geometry, specific surface, and slenderness ratio were studied. Generally, aspen panels outperformed birch panels when using the same production parameters. A higher resin content increased the internal bond, but did not affect the bending properties. Bending properties could be improved by using longer or thinner strands. The best bending properties were therefore observed for panels made from long, thin aspen strands, with an average bending strength (MOR) of 66.3 MPa and a bending stiffness (MOE) of 13.5 GPa. It was shown that a comparable bending performance for both species could be achieved by using strands with a similar specific surface. Within a given species, maintaining the same slenderness ratio resulted in comparable bending properties, while increasing the slenderness ratio—i.e., using longer or thinner strands—improved performance. Based on these results, laminated OSL beams were produced using long, thin aspen and birch strand panels. In addition, laminated OSB beams were produced from commercial web-stock material. Small scale 3-ply OSL and 4-ply OSB beams were tested in edgewise bending, with OSL yielding superior results. The average MOR and shear corrected MOE values obtained for aspen OSL (52.0 MPa and 9.9 GPa respectively) and birch OSL (58.4 MPa and 10.6 GPa respectively) put both prototypes comfortably within the range required to compete with similar engineered wood products.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2009
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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