Étude de la diversité génétique au sein des génomes nucléaire et chloroplastique chez les cinq races connues du Striga gesnerioides, une plante parasite d'importance mondiale
|Advisor:||Belzile, François; Olivier, Alain|
|Abstract:||The goal of the present study was to reveal the genetic diversity within and among different West African populations of the root parasite Striga gesnerioides. This plant parasitizes many species from different dicotyledonous families, including cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), an important legume crop and the major dietary protein source for many people of the semi-arid regions of West Africa. Some resistant cowpea varieties have been identified and are used in breeding programs. However, based on host-parasite interactions in the field, various races of S. gesnerioides attacking cowpea have been identified. Using three different types of molecular markers, AFLP, ISSR and cpSSR, we showed that there is almost no genetic variability within populations. The variability between the populations was also extremely low and did not allow discrimination of the five races. A few populations were more closely related, and there was a certain geographical structure but no “racial” clustering could be seen, enhancing the fact that virulence is not yet involved in the genetic differentiation process. Possible causes of the extremely low level of genetic variability seen in S. gesnerioides are proposed including the autogamous mode of reproduction of the parasite and the hypothesis that the cowpea strain has only quite recently arisen.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||16 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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