Effets des types de vitrage sur la qualité de l'éclairage naturel : étude expérimentale à l'aide d'une maquette à échelle réduite d'une salle de séjour
|Abstract:||The use of tinted and coated glazing is one of the strategies that can improve energy efficiency of residential buildings. However, these glazing types modify the quantity and quality of daylight in the building and these modifications affect the visual perception of the interior and view out. This effect is probably more important to consider in spaces dedicated to contemplation, such as a residential living room, because more attention is allocated to the room’s ambience. However, most studies in this area have been conducted in a work environment and no studies have been conducted in a residential environment. The main objective of this research was to study the effect of glazing type on daylight quality in residential spaces. The experience was conducted using a scale model of a typical living room where the glazing type was interchangeable. Seven glazing samples provided by local manufacturers were tested. The participants looked inside the model and evaluated daylighting qualities according to each glazing type. Furthermore, the transmitted light colour was studied and analysed by a digital photo analysis. The main results confirmed most of the work hypotheses and corroborated some results of previous research. Among these results, it was found that the glazing type influences the perception of light level, naturalness, beauty and pleasantness and precision. Also, the correlation between visual transmittance and the qualitative factors confirms the hypothesis that glazing types of a higher visual transmittance produce more positive ratings regarding the perception of naturalness, beauty and pleasantness and precision. Furthermore, results suggest that for a similar transmittance (82 and 83%), participants preferred an iron-free double pane glazing to a standard double pane glazing, which is probably due to the spectral neutrality of the iron-free glazing. Finally, this research indicates that glazing types with a strong green shift are generally disliked.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||16 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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