Éclaircie précommerciale dans les peuplements mélangés à feuillus intolérants (MFI) : effet sur l'accroissement quinquennal et sur le coefficient de distribution

Authors: Bournival, Philippe
Advisor: Bégin, Jean
Abstract: This study was realized in the bioclimatic domain dominated by balsam fir and white birch. Three different treatments of precommercial thinning (PCT), distributed in five blocks, were compared with a control. A conventional treatment was made according to the standards current in Quebec in 2001 and two alternative treatments were elaborated according to the regional objectives. In every block, there are four control plots, four plots treated according to the 2001 MRNF standards of precommercial thinning and four plots treated according to a modification in the standards of 2001. In blocks 1 and 2 the alternate treatment consists in the preservation of residual stems, at a distance of less than 2 m, in a quarter circle. In blocks 3, 4 and 5 the alternate treatment consisted in spacing out to 5 metres the intolerant broad-leaved trees. The effects of treatments and competition on the growth in height and in diameter were modelized for the period of five years following a precommercial thinning. At high density, the intra and interspecific competition affect largely all the aspects of the growth of the coniferous stems, but in low density it affects only the growth in diameter and the thickness of branches. The effects of the PCT on the stem stocking, the average diameter and of the stand basal area were also modelized. The precommercial thinning negatively affects the stocking of broadleaved and coniferous species, but it affects especially the broadleaved trees. The treatment of precommercial thinning improve the increment of the 1 500 largest coniferous stems per hectare, but does not facilitate the increase of stand basal area. The broadleaved or coniferous competitors, shorter than the crop trees, located in a quarter circle within a distance of 2 meters, do not influence the growth of the coniferous stems but they influence negatively the development of branches. This suggests that a precommercial thinning in which some competitors smaller than the studied tree are left as residual stems, could constitute a good alternative method to both tree growth and quality.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2009
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/20817
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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