Évaluation de la stabilité d'une couche mince de simili-téflon déposée par plasma sur un substrat d'acier inoxydable
|Advisor:||Mantovani, D.; Laroche, Gaétan|
|Abstract:||Metallic stents are mainly made of 316L stainless steel. Even though this material possesses the required mechanical properties needed in a stent, its long-term safety is still controversial. Indeed, in the aggressive biological environment, this material is prone to localized corrosion attack and possible corrosion products include elements classified as carcinogenic. To improve the long-term safety of the 316L stainless steel stents, a multi-step process was previously developed in our laboratory to isolate the stainless steel surface from the body fluid by depositing an ultra-thin plasma-polymerized fluorocarbon coating. To ensure the safety and effectiveness of the ultra-thin film, a series of tests was performed. In this context, the aim of this project is to develop and realize tests allowing the evaluation of both the stability and the efficiency of the coating. Firstly, to evaluate the stability, static immersion tests were performed in different solutions. Aged and non-aged surfaces were then characterized and compared by using different surface analyses methods. Secondly, the effectiveness of the ultra-thin film against general and localized corrosion was verified using accelerated corrosion tests; i.e. cyclic polarization tests and Tafel plot corrosion measurements. In this case, different surface conditions were tested and the results were compared to see if the coating was efficient on flat substrate and under a plastic deformation, to which it will be submitted when put in the human body. Even though part of this study has shown that the ultra-thin film was unstable in an aqueous environment, another part has shown that combined pre-treatment and ultra-thin film increased the corrosion resistance of stainless steel. Furthermore, an appropriate protocol to evaluate those properties has been developed and will be most useful to evaluate future coatings deposited under different conditions.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||16 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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