Diversité génétique et morphologique des hybrides asexués Fundulus diaphanus X F. heteroclitus

Authors: Mérette, David
Advisor: Turgeon, Julie
Abstract: Presence of asexual hybrids between Fundulus diaphanus and F. heteroclitus at two sites in Nova Scotia (Porter’s Lake and Saint-Mary’s River) has been documented in the literature. Random sampling of Fundulus along the salinity gradient of Porter’s Lake and genotyping using eight microsatellite markers revealed one main clone and its mutational derivatives in the lake, representing 97% of hybrids encountered. Also, a novel method of morphological identification of F. diaphanus, F. heteroclitus and hybrids based on a maximum likelihood algorithm has been elaborated for fieldwork purposes, allowing a quick, over 90% efficient, way to diagnose the three Fundulus types. Morphological analyses performed using geometric morphometrics also revealed that hybrids were no less variable morphologically than parental species. Finally, the presence of one main clone in different salinities and an important morphological variability suggest the presence of a General-Purpose Genotype in Porter’s Lake.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2009
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/20805
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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