Exposition aux contaminants organiques et effets potentiels sur les fonctions thyroïdiennes chez la femme enceinte, le nouveau-né et l'adulte
|Advisor:||Dewailly, Éric; Ayotte, Pierre|
|Abstract:||Several ubiquitous organic contaminants, some of which are increasing in the environnement, seem to possess thyroid-disrupting capacities. These effects are suspected to be the underlying causes of neurodevelopmental deficits in infants prenatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls. The objectives of this project were 1) to evaluate the effects of chronic exposure to environmental contaminants on circulating concentrations of thyroid hormones in pregnant women, newborns and adult Inuit as well as 2) to quantify and identify determinants of exposure to emerging contaminants in the Nunavik Inuit population in 2004. Overall, results from newborns and pregnant women do not demonstrate clear associations between thyroid hormone concentrations and exposure to some persistent organic pollutants. However, negative associations between polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations and circulating levels of thyroglobulin were observed in neonates. Furthermore, pentachlorophenol concentrations in pregnant women during their last trimester of pregnancy were negatively associated with umbilical cord free T4 concentrations in newborns. In adults, exposure to a complex mixture of chlorinated compounds was related to a reduction in total T3 and thyroglobulin concentrations. Moreover, plasma concentrations of emerging contaminants such as perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were also associated with disruptions of thyroid parameters. In 2004, exposure levels of PFOS and PBDEs in Nunavik Inuit adults were lower compared to those observed in other North-American populations, but similar and higher respectively, to those reported among European populations. The increase of PFOS plasma concentrations with age as well as with fish and marine mammal consumption seems to indicate that this compound tends to persist and bioaccumulate in the food-web. Sources of exposure to PBDEs were not clearly identified in the framework of this study. However, traditional food consumption and Inuit lifestyle seem to protect against exposure to congener PBDE 47, one of the most prevalent in humans.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||16 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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