Influence de la température sur le comportement au jeune âge du béton

Authors: Bédard, Éric
Advisor: Marchand, J.; Bissonnette, Benoît
Abstract: This project research concerns the influence of temperature on the early-age behaviour of young age concrete. The Centre de recherche sur les infrastructures en béton has developped a device (R2D2) that measures the displacements in concrete. Until now, this device was only used to measure the displacements in concrete under isothermal conditions. In order to use the R2D2 device under thermal variations, the design on the apparatus had to be revised. First, a software had to be created in order to control the thermal variations of concrete. Secondly, the device’s behaviour under thermal variations was evaluated. A study on the distribution of the temperature in the concrete and on the functionality of the data acquisition system was also carried out. The data acquisition system was not properly adapted for thermal variations so some material modifications were necessary. Finally, a method to calculate the evolution of the thermal dilation coefficient (TDC) of early-age concrete and the results of that evolution for six different concretes were analysed. The modifications that were made on the apparatus allowed to develop a method to calculate the TDC so that the errors caused by the thermal variation of the apparatus were eliminated. During the thermal variations tests, the apparatus was also undergoing thermal variations which caused errors in the TDC calculation. Once the modifications were made, the errors were eliminated and a better evaluation of the early-age concrete TDC was obtained. The study made on the six different concretes has demonstrated that the type of cement does not have a major influence on the early-age concrete TDC. On the contrary, the water-cement ratio seems to have an influence on the early-age values of the TDC. In general, the higher the water-cement ratio is, the higher is the early-age concrete TDC.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2009
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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