Influence de la fissuration du béton sur la corrosion des armatures : caractérisation des produits de corrosion formés dans le béton

Authors: Paradis, François
Advisor: Jolin, Marc; Marchand, J.
Abstract: The work conducted in this thesis concerns reinforced steel corrosion, which is one of the most important problems affecting the durability of reinforced concrete structures. The principal objective of the thesis is to understand the influence of concrete cracking on corrosion initiation and propagation. This thesis presents experimental work where all tests are done in order to better represent real exposure conditions. Concrete samples are submitted to wetting (saline solution) and drying cycles. The evolution of corrosion of the reinforcement is followed using non-destructives electrochemical techniques. The nature and distribution of the corrosion products formed in concrete are analyzed at different level of corrosion. Since researchers often use accelerated techniques to initiate corrosion, a supplemental test campaign have been done in order to evaluate the reliability of these accelerated techniques. The results show some important differences on the nature and distribution of corrosion products. Subsequently, an experimental protocol representing natural exposure conditions has been set up in order to generate reinforced steel corrosion in mortar. A precise methodology for analyzing the nature and the distribution of corrosion products has also been followed. A first evaluation of corrosion initiation and propagation has been done on uncracked mortars. The results show that the chemical environment and the porosity of concrete have significant influence on the nature and the distribution of corrosion products. Artificially cracked specimens were also prepared to understand the influence of cracks on corrosion initiation and propagation. Results show that the presence of a crack increases the probability of corrosion initiation. The magnetite is the main oxide formed at the steel / concrete interface. Following wetting and drying cycles, the magnetite changes in goethite and akaganeite. Results from loaded and multi-cracked specimen show that cyclic loading also have some effect on corrosion kinetic. This influence seems to be related to the deterioration of steel / concrete interface, which further promotes corrosion propagation and also modify the nature and distribution of corrosion products.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2009
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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