La navigation dans les eaux arctiques canadiennes : du concept de risque à la géopolitique

Authors: Dupré, Sophie
Advisor: Lasserre, Frédéric
Abstract: The aim of this geopolitics research is to analyze the particular sociopolitical situation of the Canadian Arctic using the representations it generates at different scales. The increasing interest in the Arctic zone, associated with a warming climate, makes us think back certain strategies, especially the regulation of maritime spaces. There is already a conflict between the United States and Canada in how the Arctic water is perceived, including the Northwest Passage, in terms of statute: international strait versus Canadian inland waters. In this context, Canada – which, over the past years, is continually claiming sovereignty over those Arctic waters – must also guarantee a safe navigation; otherwise it will lose credibility if any maritime problem occurs. Thus, my analysis focuses on navigation in Arctic waters. First, I give information about this navigation in a tangible way. Second, I broaden the study to what are the stakes and the consequences on the Arctic territory and its development. From a management perspective, stakeholders interact with the territory according to the perceptions and the representations they have of it and, vice versa, the territory is built by the means of these generated representations. However, the enhancement of the Arctic territory under the influence of navigation expansion shows rather exogenous development and the mark of extremely diversified representations. Finally, we will enquire into the context of structuring formation by means of a historical approach before discussing risks and vulnerabilities of navigation.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2009
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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