# Demonic Kleene Algebra

Authors: | De Carufel, Jean-Lou |

Advisor: | Desharnais, Jules |

Abstract: | We first recall the concept of Kleene algebra with domain (KAD). Then we explain how to use the operators of KAD to define a demonic refinement ordering and demonic operators (many of these definitions come from the literature). We want to know how do KADs with the demonic operators but without the usual angelic ones behave. Then, taking the properties of the KAD-based demonic operators as a guideline, we axiomatise an algebra that we call Demonic algebra with domain and t-conditional (DAD-[opérateur t-conditionnel]). The laws of DAD-[opérateur t-conditionnel] not concerning the domain operator agree with those given in the 1987 Communications of the ACM paper Laws of programming by Hoare et al. Then, we investigate the relationship between DAD-[opérateur t-conditionnel] and KAD-based demonic algebras. The question is whether every DAD-[opérateur t-conditionnel] is isomorphic to a KAD-based demonic algebra. We show that it is not the case in general. However, we characterise those that are. Indeed, we demonstrate that a KAD can be transformed into a DAD-[opérateur t-conditionnel] which can be transformed back into the initial KAD. We also establish necessary and sufficient conditions for which a DAD-[opérateur t-conditionnel] can be transformed into a KAD which can be transformed back into the initial DAD-[opérateur t-conditionnel]. Finally, we define the concept of decomposition. This notion is involved in the necessary and sufficient conditions previously mentioned. In a demonic context, it is difficult to distinguish between transitions that, from a given state, go to different states. The concept of decomposition enables to do it easily. We present its definition together with some of its properties. |

Document Type: | Thèse de doctorat |

Issue Date: | 2009 |

Open Access Date: | 13 April 2018 |

Permalink: | http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/20569 |

Grantor: | Université Laval |

Collection: | Thèses et mémoires |

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