Transcriptomic and proteomic studies on longevity induced by over-expression of HSP22 in drosophila melanogaster

Authors: Kim, Hyun-Ju
Advisor: Tanguay, Robert M.
Abstract: Aging is a complex process accompanied by a decreased capacity of cells to tolerate and respond to various forms of stresses leading to damages such as protein aggregation in various components of the cell. Chaperones are thus likely important players in the aging process by preventing protein denaturation and aggregation. In Drosophila melanogaster, a small heat shock protein Hsp22 localized in the mitochondrial matrix is preferentially up-regulated during aging. Its over-expression results in an extension of lifespan and an increased resistance to stress. Although Hsp22 has been shown to have a chaperone-like activity in vitro, the mechanisms by which it extends lifespan in vivo are still unknown. Genome-wide transcriptional analysis by microarray and comparative mitochondrial proteomic analysis by MALDI-TOF mass analysis have been performed to unveil differences in long-lived Hsp22 over-expressing flies and normal-lived control flies. Ubiquitous over-expression of Hsp22 using the GAL4/UAS system in Drosophila resulted in a ~ 30% increase in mean lifespan. The genomic analysis suggests that Hsp22 plays a role in lifespan determination by altering the regulation of the overall process of normal aging. Indeed, flies over-expressing Hsp22 display an up-regulation of genes normally down-regulated with age and involved in energy production, protein biosynthesis, protein turnover, and lipid metabolism. Mitochondrial proteomic analysis also supports a putative role of Hsp22 on lifespan determination by maintaining mitochondrial function and favoring proteolysis. The present data suggest the importance of the maintenance of protein homeostasis in aging and potential mechanisms of longevity in the Hsp22 over-expressing flies.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2008
Open Access Date: 13 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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