Effet de la stimulation des TLR sur l'infection par le VIH-1 des lymphocytes T CD4+ et des cellules dendritiques primaires

Authors: Thibault, Sandra
Advisor: Tremblay, Michel J.
Abstract: Since its discovery in 1983, HIV-1 continues to destroy many people lives and no treatment is actually available to treat or prevent infection. Despite the utilization of HAART therapy, the epidemy is still increasing and the worldwide really need new treatments. Due to his high capacity of mutations, HIV-1 rapidly develops resistance against all available treatments. The major aim of scientific community is to develop new therapeutics using different targets to try to avoid and control the resistance phenomenon. To develop these treatments, it is very important to acquire a better understanding of the HIV-1 biology. My doctorate project is tightly related to this because it permits to study the reaction of HIV-1 following TLR2 stimulation, a receptor very useful to sense pathogens. Since microbial translocation is a phenomenon frequently observed in HIV-1-patients, characterized by the presence of bacterial compounds into bloodstream, we evaluated if TLR2 stimulation, with a synthetic ligand, could modulated infection process. Our global objective was to determine if this stimulation could change the activation state and influence the infection in both CD4+ T lymphocytes and dendritic cells. Our results confirmed that TLR2 stimulation increases infection in both cell subtypes and also increases the transfer of viruses from dendritic cells to CD4+ T lymphocytes. Knowing that cell activation favors HIV-1 infection and that bacterial compounds present into bloodstream during microbial translocation stimulate TLR2 stimulation activates CD4+ T cells and dendritic cells, all conditions are put together to favors hyperactivation of the immune system. Our results demonstrate that TLR2 stimulation participates to HIV-1 dissemination by triggering activation of immune cells.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2008
Open Access Date: 13 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/20538
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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