L'accès à l'eau dans les bidonvilles des villes africaines : enjeux et défis de l'universalisation de l'accès (Cas d'Ouagadougou)
|Advisor:||Lasserre, Frédéric; Dessy, Sylvain E.|
|Abstract:||In the twentieth century, diseases transmitted through dirty water are the second worldwide leading cause of death, among children. It kills five times more than the HIV. At long-range forecasts, this situation leads to a vicious circle, in which poor people tend to stay poor. Indeed, consequences of the nutritional status and of the lack of access to safe water have repercussions on the present generation and the next ones. Their vulnerability to infectious diseases is exacerbated by inadequate living conditions. It restricts those people’s abilities to take advantage of other social services, as education, and they cannot rise up the social ladder. This paper will focus on the challenges of the access to safe drinking water in the African cities. The urban area should be, by its density, a potential buying market sufficient for patronizing investments and extension of the water network. In fact, improvements in access and making-sensitive projects, do not gather good results, because of the increasing population and the expansion of shantytowns. Those realities, which are an area of vital concern for developing countries, are not taking into account, by the policies, yet. So, we will wonder if the models for safe access to drinking water imitate the occidental vision (access to water directly linked with the ownership of a real estate) or, if there is emergence of models based on social, politic and economic specificities of African cities. In short, this study is about the junction between supply and technical solutions, with demand and the needs of users. After analyzing a macroeconomic point of view, a study case of Ouagadougou will be produced.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||13 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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