Effet d'interaction entre les facteurs de risque posturaux et psychosociaux de l'environnement de travail sur la survenue des symptômes musculosquelettiques chez les utilisateurs de poste informatique

Authors: Lapointe, Julie
Advisor: Dionne, ClermontBrisson, Chantal
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate interaction between psychosocial and postural work factors on the incidence of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms among a group of white-collar workers. METHODS: Psychosocial and postural work factors were assessed in a cohort of 2,431 white-collar workers (baseline participation: 76%, follow up participation: 91%). The job strain (Karasek’s) model and the effort-reward (Siegrist’s) model were used to characterize the psychosocial work environment. Postural factors related to Visual Display Unit work were assessed using a self-report questionnaire. Three years later, the incidence proportion of musculoskeletal symptoms at three different anatomical sites (shoulder-neck, lower back, and upper limbs) was estimated with a modified version of the Nordic questionnaire. Analyses were stratified for gender. Interaction was defined as a departure from the addition of individual risk factors and its importance was estimated with the attributable proportion due to interaction and its 95% interval. RESULTS: A significant interaction between job strain and postural factors was observed for men for the lower back. Two significant interactions between effort-reward and postural factors were observed for women in the shoulder-neck and the upper limbs regions. Several indications of interaction between psychosocial and postural work factors were observed. CONCLUSION: The simultaneous presence of postural and psychosocial risk factors seems to increase the individual pathogenic effect of each risk factor on the incidence of musculoskeletal symptoms. This interaction effect is of primary importance for work intervention practices as it means that succeeding to reduce anyone of these two risk factors will likely have the additional benefit to reduce the interaction effect of the incidence proportion of musculoskeletal symptoms.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2008
Open Access Date: 13 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/20333
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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