Statut énonciatif du personnage-narrateur dans Les enfantômes et Gros mots de Réjean Ducharme

Authors: Fortin, Karine
Advisor: Kègle, Christiane
Abstract: The characteristic features of Les enfantômes and Gros mots by Réjean Ducharme are the refusal of their respective first person narrators to integrate into society and to conform to prevailing norms and customs. The propensity of Ducharme’s protagonists to swim against the current of public opinion, to position themselves at the outer limits of institutions, systems and schools of thought, to erase everything around them, with the exception of love, contributes to the construction of an identity characterized by emptiness, inadequacy and inconsistency. In order to define this “lack of being” of the first person narrators, we analyzed the way in which they express themselves, their enunciation which, as we discovered, discloses their inability both to assert themselves as subject and to be part of language and the world. The use of the personal pronoun “one” and the representation of textual values represent locii of “desubjectivization” with which the present thesis is concerned. The first chapter presents a contextualized study of the pronoun “one” and its various values (exclusive, conjunctive, generic, trans-subjective and displaced). The theoretical tools proposed by Émile Benveniste, Catherine Kerbrat Orecchioni and Dominique Maingueneau were duly utilized to achieve our object. The second chapter examines the world vision of the first person narrators and the way in which this vision is articulated or manifested at the discursive level. Our study of the value system is based on specific elements of the procedure outlined by Vincent Jouve in his work La poétique des valeurs. The hypothesis that the ideological and existential positions of Ducharme’s protagonists are usually communicated through discourse with polemical tendencies is confirmed by a study of four representative extracts. Moreover, it emerges that, over and above the devastation, destruction and nothingness inherent in the works analyzed, connections based on tenderness and love give meaning to the characters’ lives.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2008
Open Access Date: 13 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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