La déformation de globules rouges dans les pinces optiques

Authors: Brûlé-Bareil, Paul
Advisor: Sheng, Yunlong
Abstract: Two methods for deforming red blood cell (RBC) are studied. The first method is made of a non focalised dual beam counter-propagating optical stretcher. The stress and forces applied to the cell are described and analysed to compute the resulting deformation. The comparison with experimental result is made and allows to determinate the elasticity of human RBC at (20±2)μNm-1. An original method using no imaging system and allowing to measure the cells deformation by using the fiber-to-fiber coupling is mathematically explained and used to study the feasibility of such an experiment. The other method called oscillating tweezers is built from a high numerical aperture optical tweezers where an acousto-optic modulator allows to discretely changing the focal position at a given frequency. At low frequency, the cell moves from left to right, however at higher frequency, the RBC deform. The origin of the deformation is explained by calculating an approximate stress distribution. Here again, we compare the results with the experimental work. The value of elasticity found for human RBC is between 20uNm-1 and 29uNm-1 and around 11uNm-1 for mice RBC.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2008
Open Access Date: 13 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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