Hydrodynamics of trickle bed reactors : steady- and nonsteady-state operations
|Abstract:||Trickle bed reactor (TBR) is one of the most widely used three-phase reactors in various processes mostly operated at high temperature and high pressure. The ongoing experimental work on the hydrodynamic parameters (flow regime transition, pressure drop, liquid holdup, wetting efficiency etc.) of this packed bed reactor configuration goes to early 1960’s. Different techniques were applied by different researchers for the measurement of these hydrodynamic parameters which let the comparison and the decision of more convenient method by means of doing investigations at conditions near to that of industrial processes. Process intensification is considered to be a leading approach for the ongoing research on the economic reduction and reactor efficiency enhancement. Artificial induction of pulses is pronounced as one of the methods for the process intensification in TBRs. As trickle bed reactor is also used in biochemical processes, and the initial liquid behaving like a Newtonian fluid could turn into a non-Newtonian fluid after various biochemical processes; it is emphatic to study TBR hydrodynamics with non-Newtonian systems. Despite large amount of work exists in the literature for steady state hydrodynamics of TBR operating at high pressure; the hydrodynamic behavior of TBR at high temperature has been left as a concealed issue. Additionally none of the experimental work performed to demonstrate the advantages of periodic operation on TBR hydrodynamics dealt with the effects of increased temperature and pressure. This study illustrates the hydrodynamics of TBR at increased temperature and pressure under constant throughput flow and cyclic operation.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||13 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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