Le rôle des protéines S100 dans la migration des neutrophiles au site inflammatoire
|Abstract:||Inflammation is one of the body’s defence mechanisms. In some cases, this reaction can be detrimental to the host it is supposed to protect. It is thus important to understand the origin of such reactions in order to find solutions. A key step of inflammatory reactions is leukocyte migration from blood to the injured area. Among leukocytes, neutrophils are the first to reach the inflammatory site. In addition to their role as the body’s first line of defence, neutrophils also help orchestrate the immune response through the release of inflammatory mediators. The neutrophils are a major reservoir of S100A8, S100A9, and S100A12 proteins. In the past 20 years, these proteins have been increasingly associated with various infectious and inflammatory diseases as they were detected at high concentrations in the serum of patients suffering from arthritis, inflammatory bowel diseases and tuberculosis to name a few. Moreover, they were shown to be sensitive markers of these diseases’ activity. Some studies have indicated that these proteins are secreted in inflammatory conditions and that they have pro-inflammatory activities in the extracellular space. Specifically, they were associated with leukocyte migration. However, the precise mechanisms through which these proteins affect the inflammatory response remain to be elucidated. In this work, we investigated the roles of S100 proteins in neutrophil transendothelial and tissue migration. We observed that S100A9 protein increased neutrophil adhesion to the endothelium and fibronectin by activating β2 integrins which led to the stimulation of cell migration to the inflammatory site in in vitro models. This work provided insight on the roles of S100 proteins in inflammation and more specifically in neutrophil migration. As these proteins represent potential therapeutic targets, it remains important to further understand their roles in inflammatory conditions.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||13 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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