L'acceptabilité sociale de l'aménagement forestier sur l'île d'Anticosti, un territoire à vocation faunique

Authors: Rousseau, Marie-Hélène
Advisor: Bélanger, LouisGuay, Louis
Abstract: Anticosti Island, located in the province of Quebec, represents an interesting case for studying social acceptability of forest management. Its particularity resides in the fact that the primary vocation of the territory is wildlife management for deer hunting. Hunting industry constitutes by far the main economic activity for the islander population of 270 people. However, a progressive lost of deer habitat observed on the island threatens the deer population and consequently, the industry’s survival. In order to solve the problem, the forest industry has been granted a Forest Management Contract for the territory, with the mandate of restoring deer habitat. Thus, the survival of this industry is conditional to: 1) its efficiency in restoring the habitat, and 2) the social acceptability of its proposed management. The objective of this study consists in evaluating the social acceptability of forest management on the island. By studying stakeholders’ concerns, fears and needs, we identified the pertinent factors that influence judgement of acceptability. Interviews have been conducted with residents, hunting guides and hunters. In addition, a survey was also completed by the islanders. Two dimensions characterize the concept of acceptability on Anticosti: 1) a conceptual dimension, where the individual judges according to the legitimacy of the strategy, and 2) a practical dimension, where the individual judges according to the direct impacts of the strategy on its hunting activities. Anticosti stakeholders’ judgements of acceptability about forest management were strongly influenced by scepticism regarding scientific knowledge and the strategy implementation. While researchers, forest managers and wildlife managers agreed on a common definition concerning deer population and habitat issues, a significant number of local stakeholders had different perceptions of the problem, leading to an important questioning regarding the legitimacy of the forest management strategy. Participants’ doubts about scientific knowledge were largely based on personnel observations and perceptions often conflicting with the scientific conclusions that justify the application of the actual strategy. Scepticism caused by the experimental aspect of the strategy also led to concerns about possible risks and the efficiency of the strategy. In conclusion, the forest management strategy proposed for Anticosti is socially acceptable but in a conditional and provisional way.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2008
Open Access Date: 13 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/20037
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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