Pourquoi les étudiants de régions rurales montrent des aspirations scolaires plus faibles que ceux provenant de régions urbaines? Une explication basée sur une perspective motivationnelle et relationnelle

Authors: Litalien, David
Advisor: Guay, Frédéric
Abstract: Several studies indicate that rural students have lower educational aspirations than urban ones (Arnold et al., 2005). We used a Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985) framework to better understand the educational aspirations. Our motivational model posits that rural students comparatively to urban ones, experience disturbances in motivational resources, which lead to lower levels of educational aspirations. As hypothesized, results indicated that rural students have lower educational aspirations than urban ones. In contrast to our initial contentions, rural students report higher levels of motivation (self-determined and controlled). Furthermore, results from structural equation modeling showed that educational aspirations do not seem to be affected by motivational resources but are rather influenced by parental incomes, parental educational aspirations for their children and the student’s achievement scores. Results are discussed in light of Self-Determination Theory and the literature on rural education and educational aspirations.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2008
Open Access Date: 13 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/20034
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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