Développement de panneaux de particules à base d'écorce d'épinette noire et de peuplier faux-tremble

Authors: Ngueho Yemele, Martin Claude
Advisor: Cloutier, AlainBlanchet, PierreKoubaa, Ahmed
Abstract: This study aims at optimizing bark content and particle geometry in order to produce bark particleboards that can meet the usual performances required by the standard. Specific objectives were 1) to determine the effects of unextracted and extracted bark content, and particle geometry (shape, size and distribution) on the physical and mechanical properties of particleboard made from black spruce and trembling aspen bark; 2) to highlight the effects of hot water treatment of bark on the bark particles/PF adhesive system as well as its impact on the physical and mechanical properties of particleboard made from black spruce and trembling aspen bark. Fresh black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.)) and trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides (Michx.)) bark was collected from the debarking units of wood processing plants, treated (extracted) with hot water or not, dried, crushed in a hammer mill and sieved in four groups. The first group with particle size of 0.2-1.5 mm was used for the surface layer. The three other groups called fine, medium and coarse of particle size 1.5-2.6 mm, 2.6-5.0 mm and 5.0-7.0 mm. Wood particles were added to the bark particles to produce mixed wood bark particleboards. Particleboards of different bark content (50 and 100%), with a target density of 800 kg/m3 were manufactured and their mechanical and physical properties including the modulus of elasticity (MOE), modulus of rupture (MOR), internal bond (IB), Janka hardness (HJ), thickness swelling (TS), and linear expansion (LE) investigated and compared to a control made of 100% wood particles. The results showed that, while the mechanical properties of the particleboard made from black spruce and trembling aspen bark decreased with increasing bark content, the linear expansion (LE) increased and the thickness swelling (TS) increased slightly. The effect of particle size was observed mostly on the internal bond (IB). In spite of the low effective bark ratio of the coarse particles, the IB of the boards often decreased with increasing bark particle size. For the other properties, the boards made of 100% bark seem to be more affected by the particle geometry than those made of 50% bark. Particleboard made from 50% black spruce bark showed the highest MOE, MOR, IB and the lowest LE with values 12, 37, 54% lower and 45% higher than the control, respectively. Particleboard made from trembling aspen bark showed the lowest TS. The MOE, MOR, IB and HJ of boards made from 50% unextracted black spruce and trembling aspen bark met the requirements for commercial (M-1) and underlayment (PBU) panels of the ANSI A208.1-1999 standard. Hot water treatment affects the physical and chemical properties of the bark by decreasing the hydrophilic properties, the acidity and the amount of condensable polyphenols able to react with formaldehyde. A detrimental effect was noticed on all the physical and mechanical properties of particleboards made from extracted bark except for the Janka hardness where no significant decrease was found.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2008
Open Access Date: 13 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/19763
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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