Évaluation de l'impact de la gestion des forêts communautaires au Cameroun
|Advisor:||Gélinas, Nancy; Khasa, Damase P.|
|Abstract:||For more than a decade, Cameroon involves in its forest policy, the local communities in the conservation and the sustainable management of the national forest resources and the struggle against poverty. If the process of community forest is a source of hope for some, it could create worries to others because of the difficulties linked to its implementation. The general objective of this study was to integrate the local organizations into the evaluation of the impact of community forest management on the living conditions of local communities in Cameroon. Results of previous studies and a survey conducted in the country revealed clues knowledge of the situation. The survey was conducted to understand the difficulties linked with the acquisition of a community forest and the indicators of their impact on the living conditions of the populations. Thirty two farmers’ organizations which owned communities forests, and four resource persons of the Ministry of forest and fauna (MINFOF) were interviewed. Results showed that, the duration needed to acquire a community forest is long (4 years) for the majority of the organizations (47 %), and the related costs were high, varying between 10 000 000 fcfa and 19 999 995 fcfa, for 47% of the organizations. NGOs played key role in accompanying the organizations who have an established management comity in the process of community forest acquisition. All the interviewed organizations faced difficulties in elaborating their simple management program (SMP). Seventy five per cent (75 %) of the referees quoted the lack of expertise and financial means as main obstacles in the execution of their SMP. Problems rising within the organization are solved by the communities themselves, while those opposing the organizations and external entities are solved through an established authority. A major observation of our study is that, all the organizations agree with the ministerial decision to limit the exploitation of community forest to an artisanal one. Our study reveals also that, SMP has effects on the living conditions of the local communities. But, subsequent studies are necessary to investigate the ecological impact of community forest in Cameroon.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||13 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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