Étude des propriétés gélifiantes et viscosifiantes de systèmes mixtes isolat de protéines de lactosérum-polysaccharides en conditions associatives

Authors: Bertrand, Marie-Ève
Advisor: Turgeon, SylvieSt-Gelais, Daniel
Abstract: Protein polysaccharide interactions depend on both environmental conditions and intrinsic properties. Results are co-solubility, complexation and incompatibility. Complexation and incompatibility have demonstrated improvement of functional properties of mixed systems compared to those of the individual components. Incompatibility being the rule, the aim of this study is to widen knowledge on functional properties of mixed protein-polysaccharide systems in presence of compatibility or associative interactions and to characterise the new emerging functional properties. A first mixed system of whey protein isolate-xanthan has been studied for its gelling abilities following pH and protein-polysaccharide ratio variations. Following application of a thermal treatment, the solution passed from compatible to incompatible. Gelation was demonstrated by an increase in elastic modulus (G’) due to incompatibility as observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Addition of NaCl increased this incompatibility and made it excessive at a certain critical concentration leading to loss in G’. Compatibility has then been studied on a whey protein isolate-pectin system. Varying pH, biopolymer total concentration and protein-polysaccharide ratio allowed soluble complex formation which was confirmed with the measurement of absorbance and the number of charge. This compatibility led to a decrease in viscosity in diluted solution due to soluble complex formation while in concentrated solution, complexation rather increased it. A model system of firm yogurt was finally studied following incorporation of whey protein isolate and pectin first complexed and stabilised. Protein and total solid concentrations were kept constant. Milky solutions were acidified with glucono-delta-lactone. Results demonstrate that incorporation of complexes at different concentrations hampers the formation of a homogenous protein network provoking a decrease in gel stiffness and an increase in syneresis. Microscopic observations supported these conclusions. Mixed solutions prepared by carefully condunting complex formation allow the design of new functional properties. However, a better knowledge of these mixes is necessary in order to achieve varied and precise functional properties in food formulation.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2008
Open Access Date: 13 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/19756
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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