L'argent des migrations : moteur de développement des communautés rurales au Chiapas?
|Abstract:||On January 1st, 1994, the Zapatistas seized several cities in the Mexican state of Chiapas and revealed to the world the deplorable socio-economic conditions of Chiapanecos. Since the neoliberal reforms of the 1980-1990 decades, peasants have been unable to adapt their production to competition from U.S. agricultural products. They now believe they have only one option left: migrate to the United States. Once in the host country, the migrants contribute to their family livelihood through the transfer of remittances. However, is this solution viable? The results of interviews conducted in the Lacandona forest show that remittances enable the migrant’s families to invest in agricultural production, health and education. Thus, they build up human capital that could help them break the cycle of poverty. Moreover, by fostering local economic and human development, migrations now help to contain social conflict on a regional scale. In this new context, what has become of Zapatista claims?|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||13 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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