Lasers à fibre à synchronisation modale passive par rotation non linéaire de la polarisation : dynamique en régime multi-impulsionnel

Authors: Roy, Vincent
Advisor: Piché, Michel
Abstract: The work presented herein is primarily concerned with the dynamics of passively mode-locked fiber lasers. The mechanism used for achieving pulse emission relies on nonlinear interferometry (i.e. nonlinear polarization rotation). However, the same mechanism acts as a limiter whenever the pulse power is increased above a given amount, i.e. the wings are subject to a higher gain than the peak of the pulse. The pulse train then becomes unstable and the creation of one or more additional pulses follows from this instability. In this new regime, it is not unusual to observe the formation of coherent states of bound pulses. The nature of the interaction responsible for this phenomenon depends on the amount of dispersion experienced by the pulses along the laser cavity. In the case of a cavity that sustains the formation of solitons, the occurrence of pulse bound states was shown to result from the nonlinear interaction between the pulses and the resonant dispersive waves emitted as a result of the periodic perturbations the solitons undergo on successive cavity round trips. In contrast, for the case of a cavity built from positive and negative dispersion fibers such as to reduce the net dispersion, the sidebands related to the resonant dispersive waves are greatly reduced because of the significant frequency chirp the pulses acquire along each fiber segment. Thus we show here that the formation of pulse bound states results instead from the direct interaction between the multiple pulses since the pulses interfere with one another on a significant part of the laser cavity. In addition, in the same regime, we report the observation of collisions occurring between pulse bound states traveling with different group velocities. This process may result in several outcomes, depending on the changes the bound states undergo during the collisions. In fact, energy and momentum need not be conserved in the process since the laser is a dissipative system. Finally, in the case of collisions that repeat periodically, the acquisition of a sequence of autocorrelations allowed us to verify the peculiar dynamics that characterizes the collision process.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2007
Open Access Date: 13 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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