Classification du retard de langage à deux ans et analyse des caractéristiques personnelles et sociofamiliales associées et de leur cumul

Authors: Desmarais, Chantal
Advisor: Sylvestre, AudetteMeyer, François
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: 15 % of two year old children present with a delay in expressive vocabulary in the context of otherwise normal development. It is associated with delays in socio affective development as well as negative features of parental language stimulation. Moreover, half of these children will have a persistent language problem. A review of the literature on late-talkers underscores the heterogeneity found within that population. It also points to the relevance of studying language delay at two within a multifactorial perspective. These two conclusions support the aims pursued in this study: (1) to identify sub-groups in these children and (2) to compare these sub-groups with regards to factors known to be adversely associated with the development of language as well as to examine the effect of the accumulation of risk factors. METHODS: 68 children aged 18 to 35 months who present with a language delay and one their parents take part in the study. A variety of instruments measure the linguistic skills as well as other characteristics of the children, parents, families and of their environment. RESULTS: The cluster analysis uses the variables of language comprehension and expression. Three sub-groups found along a continuum of severity of language delay are identified and described. In a second analysis, the children who present exclusively with a vocabulary delay (n=52) are compared to those who have a wider reaching language delay (n=16). Results reveal a strong association between the level of linguistic skills and the cognitive development of the more impaired children. Moreover, the accumulation of risk factors is associated to belonging to the group presenting with a more pronounced language delay. CONCLUSION: With an aim of better characterizing this sub-group of the population, the results confirm the importance of taking into account language skills which go beyond the expressive vocabulary delay in two year old children. Association between a wider reaching delay of language and an the accumulation of risk factors further suggests an intervention which, in addition to stressing the linguistic aspects, must target the family and environmental characteristics of these children.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2007
Open Access Date: 13 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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