Métallogénie des gîtes dévoniens du dôme de Lemieux et de Sainte-Marguerite, Gaspésie, Québec, Canada
|Advisor:||Beaudoin, Georges; Malo, Michel|
|Abstract:||The Lemieux Dome and Sainte-Marguerite deposits are examples of epithermal and orogenic mineralization in Silurian-Devonian sedimentary and volcanic rocks of the Gaspé Peninsula. During the Silurian-Devonian, the Gaspé Belt is interpreted as a back-arc setting that eventually transformed into a transpressive setting during the Acadian orogeny. Lemieux Dome veins display mineralogical features typical of low- to intermediate-sulfidation epithermal deposits. Mineralized veins hosted by Silurian-Devonian sedimentary rocks are related to the emplacement of bimodal Devonian volcanic rocks. Mineralisation is probably coeval with volcanic rocks eruption (lower to middle Devonian), before the Acadian orogeny. The Sainte-Marguerite deposit, associated to the Acadian Sainte-Florence fault, is hosted by the Sainte-Marguerite bimodal volcanic rocks. Mineralization forms in 5 stages: (1) a calcite-chlorite stage; (2) a quartz-pyrite stage; (3) a quartz-sphalerite-galena-chalcopyrite ± arsenopyrite-adularia stage; (4) a quartz-arsenopyrite-pyrite-sphalerite stage and; (5) a quartz-carbonate stage. Stage 2 pyrite and quartz are recrystallized, indicating that sulfides formed early and were affected by Acadian metamorphism. Stage 2 pyrite and quartz were then cataclased and cemented by Stage 3 sphalerite, galena and chalcopyrite. Structural attitude of both Stage 3 and 4 veins is consistent with regional Acadian deformation during the middle to late Devonian (398 to 359 Ma), and suggests an epizonal orogenic affinity for Stage 3 and 4 mineralization, compatible with isotope and fluid inclusion data. δ18O, δ13C and microthermometric data in both deposits indicate that they were formed by infiltration of basinal brines at temperatures between 150 and 200°C. Lemieux Dome veins formed by mixing of the basinal brine with meteoric water. δ34S values and the lead isotope composition suggest that sulfur and metals were leached from surrounding sedimentary and volcanic rocks. Formation of both deposits in the Silurian-Devonian Gaspé Belt shows a mineral potential for pre-Acadian epithermal deposits, and for syn-Acadian epizonal orogenic deposits in other Silurian-Devonian rocks of the Appalachians.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||13 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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