Étude comparative de la réponse des lymphocytes B humains naïfs et mémoires in vitro
|Advisor:||Néron, Sonia; Darveau, André|
|Abstract:||Humoral immunity, managed by B lymphocytes and their antibody production, provides to the body soluble and specific weapons to clear current infections and to preserve an immunological memory. Traditionally, naive B cell response is associated with the first encounter with an antigen, while memory cell response is related to its subsequent appearance. Both populations, circulating in human peripheral blood, can be distinguished by the differential expression of the CD27 molecule. During this project, the in vitro response of peripheral naive (CD27) and memory B cells (CD27+) was studied, in a system exploiting CD40-CD154 interaction, normally provided by T cells, in the presence of soluble factors. This study highlighted a distinct response from naive and memory cells when separately stimulated, reflecting their different requirements. Comparison between their stimulation, together and separately, also underlined possible B-B cell interactions, suggesting a new vision of primary response initiation in vivo. Furthermore, this study conducted to the identification of a distinct memory cell subset in periphery, displaying a CD27IgG+ phenotype, which questions the use of CD27 as a memory B cell marker in humans. A potential regulatory role has also been suggested for the CD27-IgG+ memory subset, presumably aimed to suppress naive cell response once the infection is controlled. Overall, this project supports the elaboration of a model for primary and secondary humoral responses, taking into account the new memory subset identified and the interactions among B cells that likely occur in vivo.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||13 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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