Extraction et caractéristiques des huiles de l'argousier (Hippophaë rhamnoides L.). Une étude des effets de la méthode de déshydratation des fruits sur le rendement d'extraction et la qualité des huiles

Authors: Gutiérrez Alvarez, Luis Felipe
Advisor: Belkacemi, KhaledRatti, Cristina
Abstract: Sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides L.) seeds and pulp oils have been recognized for their nutraceutical properties. The effects of air-drying and freeze-drying on extraction yields and quality of oils from sea buckthorn (cv. Indian-Summer) seeds and pulp were studied. Oil extractions were carried out using hexane. Air-dried (ADS) and freeze-dried (FDS) seeds, gave a similar extraction yields (∼12%w/w), whereas those of air-dried (ADP) and freeze-dried (FDP) pulps were significantly different (35.9±0.8 vs. 17.1±0.6%w/w). Fatty acid analysis revealed that α-linolenic (37.2-39.6%), linoleic (32.4-34.2%) and oleic (13.1%) acids were the main fatty acids in seed oils, while pulp oils were rich in palmitoleic (39.9%), palmitic (35.4%) and linoleic (10.6%) acids. Lipid fractionation of crude oils, obtained by solid phase extraction, yielded mainly neutral lipids (93.9-95.8%). The peroxide values of seed and pulp oils were circa 1.8 and between 3.0-5.4 meq/kg respectively. The melting behavior of oils was characterized by differential scanning calorimetry.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2007
Open Access Date: 13 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/19648
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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