Caractérisation des composés organiques volatils issus du séchage du bois. Application au chêne rouge et au pin gris
|Advisor:||Stevanovic-Janezic, Tatjana; Fortin, Yves|
|Abstract:||This study focuses on the characterization and quantification of the volatile organic compounds (VOC) emitted during the dehumidification drying of red oak and the conventional drying of Jack pine at medium temperature. The methods used in this study were NCASI IM/CAN/WP-99.02, NCASI MD-99 and US-EPA 25A. We also employed a new technique for characterizing the volatile molecules: Headspace-SPME, which enables the laboratory simulation of pine and oak drying. Jack pine showed very high VOC emission rates: 2,24 gVOC/kgODW. The main monoterpenes identified among the volatiles released during the drying of jack pine were: alpha-pinene, beta-pinene and 3-carene. The main polar compounds collected from jack pine were methanol, acetaldehyde and methyl acetate, and the main polar compounds collected from red oak were acetic acid (vastly predominant), methanol and ethanol. Headspace-SPME enabled the identification of several volatile polyphenols (eugenol, etc.) released by red oak, as well as the identification of bioactive sesquiterpenes (such as alpha-humulene and caryophyllene) released by Jack pine.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||13 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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