Étude expérimentale d'optimisation de procédés de modifications de surface de l'acier inoxydable 316 pour application aux dispositifs endovasculaires

Authors: Haïdopoulos, Marie
Advisor: Mantovani, D.Laroche, Gaétan
Abstract: The aim of this study was to develop various surface modification procedures for 316 stainless steel to improve its long term performances as endovascular stents. The strategy behind this work was divided into two parts: surface pre treatments and surface coatings. Chemical composition, roughness and topography of the metallic surfaces were modified by the surface pre treatments in order to prepare the substrates for the post deposited coatings that would form an impermeable barrier completely isolating the metallic device from body fluids. Surface pre treatments of the metallic surfaces consist of mechanical and electrochemical polishing, ultrasonic cleaning, dipping in alkaline and acidic solutions, and plasma etching. The aim was to obtain a smooth and homogeneous surface of the substrate as well as to remove any fragile interlayer, particularly the metallic oxide and the contamination layers. Characterization of the modified surfaces was performed by X ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Optimized surface properties were obtained by combining ultrasonic cleaning, electrochemical polishing, acid dipping and plasma etching. Of the above mentioned methods, emphasis was placed on the electrochemical polishing procedure. Ultra thin fluorocarbon films were deposited on pre treated stainless steel surfaces by radio frequency glow discharge plasma, after modulating plasma deposition parameters in order to promote the polymerization process. Films were then partially hydrogenated, amorphous, highly hydrophobic, smooth and pinhole free. Depositions under optimal polymerization conditions were also performed on as received substrates and lead to the formation of partially hydrogenated, porous fluorocarbon coatings that consisted of heterogeneously distributed nanospherical particles. Thus, pre treatments prior to deposition were essential, demonstrated by their strong influence on the morphology of the plasma polymer films. Finally, plasma polymer films were validated with respect to impermeability in a medium reproducing the physiological conditions in the coronary arteries.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2005
Open Access Date: 13 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/19635
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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