Interactions du complexe multiprotéique NuA4 dans la dynamique chromatinienne
|Abstract:||Nucleosomes, composed of DNA and histones, are the basal unit of chromatin. All cellular mechanisms involving DNA have to deal with the repressive structure formed by nucleosomes. Histone chaperons, chromatin remodelling enzymes and complexes able to modify the N terminus of histones are major molecular compounds able to affect chromatin structure. NuA4 is a 12-subunit-histone-acetyltransferase-complex from Saccharomyces cerevisiae able to influence chromatin by acetylating N terminus of H4 and H2A. Esa1, its catalytic subunit, is the only essential histone acetyltransferase in yeast. Other subunits of the complex possess domains find in proteins playing a role in chromatin dynamic structure. This is the case for Esa1 and Eaf3, each one has a chromodomaine which is found to be, depending on the protein, a non-coding RNA binding module or a histone methyl lysine binding module. The main aim of this project was to find how NuA4 was regulated and more precisely to understand functions of its 2 chromodomain-containing proteins, Esa1 and Eaf3. First, we looked for histone modifications able to influence NuA4 activity which leads us to characterize two new enzymes, Rmt1 and Dot1, responsible respectively for the methylation of H4 arginine 3 and H3 lysine 79. Of these 2 modifications only the first one was able to influence NuA4 activity in combination with H4 serine 1 phosphorylation. Second, we tried to understand Eaf3’s function and particularly its potential role in histone methyl lysine binding. With genetic and biochemical studies we demonstrated a link between Eaf3 and méthylation of lysine 36 on histone H3.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||12 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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