Fréquence et réparation de dommages à l'ADN associés à la 4-(méthylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (nnk), une nitrosamine spécifique du tabac, évalués à l'aide du test des comètes

Authors: Lacoste, Sandrine
Advisor: Drouin, Réjean; Castonguay, André
Abstract: Tobacco smoke contains several carcinogens that lead to the frequent formation of rare DNA damage in lungs of smokers. 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) is one of these substances that seems more particularly associated with the development of adenocarcinoma. During the last 30 years, the frequency of this lung cancer type has increased significantly. In lung cells, cytochromes P450 can bioactivate NNK into reactive species capable of either methylating or pyridyloxobutylating DNA. The use of analogs capable of generating only one type of NNK-associated reactive species allows to investigate methylation and pyridyloxobutylation separately. The comet assay is a simple and sensitive technique that is commonly used to investigate low frequency DNA damage at the cellular level. The work presented here show how some of the NNK-related DNA damage can be investigated specifically with this technique at damage frequencies that are relevant to a real exposure to cigarette smoke. One of the adduct type resulting of DNA pyridyloxobutylation that we studied here had never been demonstrated before. It corresponds likely to the formamidopyrimidine (fapy) form of a lesion primarily formed in cells. The repair rate of a damage type influences the probability that it has to be implicated in mutagenesis. The time course of different damage types was documented with the comet assay in order to investigate the repair of NNK-related damage in different cell types that can either bioactivate NNK or not. When the fapy adducts associated with pyridyloxobutylation were investigated post-treatment, their time course did not depend on the cell type but showed a p53-dependant phenotype. In fact, instead of decreasing because of repair, the frequency of these fapy adducts in fibroblasts first increased post-treatment and this increase seemed associated with p53 proficiency. The cause of this phenotype is not clearly elucidated but it should be related to DNA damage repair.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2007
Open Access Date: 12 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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