Design et réalisation d'un réacteur plasma à pression atmosphérique pour des traitements de surfaces dans le domaine des biomatériaux

Authors: Sarra-Bournet, Christian
Advisor: Laroche, Gaétan; Mantovani, D.
Abstract: Cold plasma polymer surface modification is widely used in the biomedical field to tailor the surface properties of materials to improve their biocompatibility. Cold plasma is a gaseous environment near ambient temperature containing excited species that can react with the surface of materials. This technology is well known and efficient but usually requires low pressure plasma systems which render the process costly and less interesting for industrial scale-up. But recently, filamentary dielectric barrier discharge (FDBD) and atmospheric pressure glow discharge (APGD) working at atmospheric pressure have appeared as interesting alternatives for polymer surface modification. This idea aims to eliminate the need of vacuum system thus developing a technique as efficient but at a low cost to come closer to an industrial process. During this master, an atmospheric pressure plasma reactor has been designed and realized. The reactor was built in a way to be able to optimize and control the experimental conditions (power, frequency, gases choices and flow) and allow the surface treatment of various polymers. To compare with the existing low pressure plasma technology, surface modifications of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) has been performed in different atmospheres (NH3, N2 + H2, and N2 + NH3 mixtures) with a low pressure radio-frequency glow discharge (RFGD), an FDBD and an APGD. The modified surfaces has been studied and compared with various surface analysis techniques. Surface functionalization obtained with the atmospheric pressure plasma reactor seems to be an effective, low cost method for the production of uniform surface modification with amino-groups that can subsequently be used to graft various chemical functionalities used for biomaterial compatibility.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2007
Open Access Date: 12 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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