Caractérisation fonctionnelle de la protéine précoce-immédiate 2 de l'herpèsvirus humain 6

Authors: Tomoiu, Andru
Advisor: Flamand, Louis
Abstract: Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is an opportunistic pathogen whose infection or reactivation are associated with diseases such as roseola, central nervous system disorders and organ transplant anomalies. Sequencing of the viral genome has exposed the existence of two HHV-6 variants (A and B), with diverging sequences in specific regions, and different biological characteristics. Our work focused on the characterization of HHV-6A immediate-early IE2 protein. Its prompt expression following infection and its transactivating ability suggest that IE2 constitutes a key protein for the establishment of a productive infection, owing to its control over the viral gene expression cascade. Moreover, the IE2 coding transcript is located in the most variable region between HHV-6A and -6B, suggesting that the biology of this protein could help explain the clinical differences between the two viral variants. In order to identify cellular proteins recruited by IE2 during the establishment of infection, we have screened a T-cell library for interaction partners. We have isolated Ubiquitin conjugating enzyme 9 (Ubc9), a protein involved in the small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) conjugation pathway. This interaction has a functional relevance for IE2, with Ubc9 significantly repressing promoter activation by the viral protein. Protein domains essential for IE2 function had never been characterized. We have determined that the N- and C-terminal domains are both required for optimal transactivation, and that the deletion of the C-terminal tail of IE2 significantly alters transactivation and the intranuclear localization of the protein. Moreover, we have determined that the R3 domain of the immediate-early HHV-6A promoter represents an IE2 responsive element. Overall, this work provides a more precise image of the role of IE2 during the initiation of HHV-6 infection and a better comprehension of the biology of this complex virus.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2007
Open Access Date: 12 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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