Entre conservation et intégration : les aires protégées en Asie du sud-est continentale, 1962-2005 : une étude des parcs Cát Tiên au Viêt Nam, Si Lanna et Doi Suthep-Pui en Thaïlande
|Abstract:||Since the 1960’s, the forest cover of continental Southeast Asia was reduced by more than a third. From that time on, an environmental consciousness developed in the region, particularly in Vietnam and in Thailand. This environmental consciousness, in a context where trade interests, national security and population growth were all contributing to a specific socio-economic framework led, a few years later, to the development of a protected area system in all the countries. Set up gradually and mainly in the mountainous areas, these parks and reserves contributed to better integrate peripheral territories into national bodies; some of these territories were hardly controlled fifty years ago. Indeed, within the majority of the States, in particular those of continental Southeast Asia, some territories are far from the places where are taken the political and economic decisions; slightly populated or by different ethnic groups, difficult of access, they seem peripheral territories finally and one can say that they are marginal. The assumption behind this research is that, in Southeast Asia, the delineation of territories dedicated to forest protection and conservation constitutes, on the one hand, a response among others to solve what is considered an environmental problem but also, on the other hand, a tool for territorial integration, which is particularly efficient in marginal areas.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||12 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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