Caractérisation des composés organiques volatils émis lors du séchage de bois

Authors: Marcotte-Latulippe, Alexandre
Advisor: Stevanovic-Janezic, Tatjana; Barry, Alpha Ousmane
Abstract: Wood drying is essential for any use as a product. In effect, the equilibrium moisture of wood must satisfy the Canadian norms (Industrie Canada, 2005). However, during this process, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted in the environment. The compositions of the VOCs as well as the effects on human and on the environment need to be the scientific community. The aim of the present research was to collect and to identify the VOCs emitted during the conventional drying process of two wood speices: black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.)) at medium temperature, and the sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) by dehumidification with a heat pump at medium temperature. For black spruce, the total average of VOCs represent 0,196g/kgdry wood for the two experiment. The main non-polar VOCs were α-pinene (0,0435g/kgdry wood), β-pinene (0,0147g/kgdry wood), 3-carene (0,0044g/kg dry wood), β-phellendrene/limonene (0,069g/kgdry wood), β-myrcene (0,0009g/kgdry wood) and camphene (0,0007g/kgdry wood). The polar compounds were formaldehyde (0,001g/kgdry wood), methanol (0,0336g/kgdry wood), acetic aldehyde (0,0226g/kgdry wood), acetic acid (0,0145g/kgdry wood), methyl ethyl ketone (0,0149g/kg dry wood), methyl isobutyl ketone (0,0074g/kgdry wood) and acetophenone (0,0092g/kgdry wood). For maple sugar, the major VOCs emitted were the acetic acid (0,160g/kgdry wood), ethanol (0,055g/kg dry wood), propan-2-ol (0,021g/kgdry wood), butan-2-one (0,005g/kgdry wood) and acetic aldehyde (0,002g/kgdry wood). The total amount of VOCs produced as well as the effects on human health and on the environment need further investigations.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2006
Open Access Date: 12 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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