Les stratégies de changement employées par des hommes ayant des comportements violents envers leur conjointe : mesure et analyse à partir du modèle transthéorique du changement

Authors: Brodeur, Normand
Advisor: Lindsay, Jocelyn
Abstract: The transtheoretical model has attracted the interest of clinicians helping domestically violent men to change their behaviour. It states: 1) that people who change their behaviour progress through a series of stages called precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance and termination; and 2) that progress from one stage to the next is facilitated by the use of the right processes of change at the right time. Whereas experiential processes would be more useful at earlier stages, behavioural processes would be better suited at more advanced stages. This study’s first objective was to validate the French version of a processes of change questionnaire developed in the United States by Levesque and Pro-Change (2001). It then aimed to examine the relationship between the processes and the stages of change. Data were gathered from two groups of men (n = 255 and n = 302) recruited from programs that help domestically violent men in the province of Quebec (Canada). Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the model that described the structure of the questionnaire best consisted of 13 processes. However, the model’s fit indices were inferior to the currently acknowledged norms (e.g.: CFI < 0.86). Moreover, only 38 % of the scales had an alpha coefficient above 0.70. Analysis of the results indicates that it will be necessary to better define the processes of change and the indicators used to measure them. It also shows that processes cannot be reduced to experiential and behavioural dimensions alone. In other respects, this study also provides modest evidence that precontemplators use fewer strategies than men in the advanced stages of change. It does not show the necessity to match processes to specific stages, except in the case of self liberation. The latter process and negative self reevaluation are the two processes that appear most promising for intervention with domestically violent men. The transtheoretical model can still contribute to the development of research on the processes of change. However, its practical application appears less strong than originally projected. Clinicians should therefore maintain a critical approach and use it with caution.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2006
Open Access Date: 12 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/18723
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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