Influence du capital humain et du capital social sur les caractéristiques de l'emploi chez les diplômés postsecondaires au Canada

Authors: Kamanzi, Pierre Canisius
Advisor: Deniger, Marc-AndréTrottier, Claude
Abstract: To what extent do level of education and social network ties affect job distribution on the labour market? Based on the human capital theory, many researchers have associated an individual’s job access and salary level to his/her level of education. From this perspective, differences in income from employment are explained by differences in level of education. Proponents of functionalist theory agree with this view; they associate socio-economic status distribution on the labour market with level of education. The eighties and nineties saw the emergence of a new theory based on the effect of social network ties. According to this theory, social network ties constitute social capital. Proponents of this theory argue that an individual’s job access and socio-economic status are influenced by the social capital he/she invests or is prepared to invest in order to obtain the employment sought. Since then, sociologists, such as Lin (1981, 1999) have even argued that job access and socio-economic status are more explained by an individual’s social capital rather than by his/her human capital (level of education). Others still hold the opposing view, namely that human capital has a greater effect on job access and socio-economic status than does social capital (Marsden and Hurbert, 1988; De Graaf and Flap, 1988; Wegener, 1991). This is the framework of this study. It is aimed at examining the relative effect of human and social capital on the characteristics of employment obtained by young post-secondary graduates. We put forward the hypothesis that in Canada, both human and social capital have an effect on the characteristics of employment obtained. We propose to answer the following question: of human capital and social capital, which one has greater influence on the following characteristics of employment obtained: 1) full-time or half-time employment, permanent or temporary employment, 3) salary, 4) individual has less education than required or has the same (or more) education as required and 5) socioeconomic status of employment? We used the Statistics Canada data from the National Graduates Survey, 1995. We applied chi-square and logistic regression tests and we used SAS and SPSS. The results we obtained using multiple regression confirm our hypothesis, namely that all of characteristics of employment are closely linked to both human and social capital. v Nonetheless, an individual’s human capital has relatively greater influence than does his/her social capital.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2006
Open Access Date: 12 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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